River engineering study consists of large variation in time and spatial scales. Timescale of river varies from years to second, and, similarly, the variation of spatial scales is from kilometre to millimetre. Spatial scales can be divided into river basin scale and hydraulic scale, and temporal scale can be divided into hydrological, hydraulic and turbulence. Each spatio-temporal scale has fixed contextual uses. In general, turbulence plays the most key role with respect to the influences that rivers have on their channels and beds. Turbulent flows are characterized by asymmetrical patterns, irregular behaviour and the existence of various spatio-temporal scales. To extract better turbulence events and flow structure using point velocity measurements (Eulerian approach) in river, we are proposing generalized three-dimensional octant events instead of conventional two-dimensional quadrant events. Beyond that, we characterize the transitional probability of octant event occurrence in the case of unsteady flow condition. In the field, there is the assumption of steadiness of the flow under high unsteady conditions. Basically, river discharges and all the associated processes are physically unsteady, and river channel flows are typically non-uniform. In this chapter we are mainly discussing the new emerging methodological aspects to characterize the river turbulence using state-of-the-art technology. In this chapter, some of the major issues and developments linked with river dynamics and turbulence study have also been discussed with two case studies. The case studies have been presented and discussed using experimental data and their interpretation in light of river dynamics. The study has significant importance because the turbulent motion is the natural state of river engineering problems. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Singapore.