A definition is given for a Froude number in the liquid film ahead of the slug and it is seen that slug characteristics are strongly influenced by the Froude number. The mechanisms in the mixing zone of the slug are described in detail and are shown to be a function of the film Froude number. It is shown that the Hubbard and Dukler model for mixing length is inadequate. A new expression is proposed for the slug mixing length as a function of the film Froude number. © 1998 by ASME.