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Sambinder: A web server for predicting S-adenosyl-L-methionine binding residues of a protein from its amino acid sequence
Agrawal P., Mishra G., Raghava G.P.S.
Published in Frontiers Media S.A.
Volume: 10
Motivation: S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) is an essential cofactor present in the biological system and plays a key role in many diseases. There is a need to develop a method for predicting SAM binding sites in a protein for designing drugs against SAM associated disease. To the best of our knowledge, there is no method that can predict the binding site of SAM in a given protein sequence. Result: This manuscript describes a method SAMbinder, developed for predicting SAM interacting residue in a protein from its primary sequence. All models were trained, tested, and evaluated on 145 SAM binding protein chains where no two chains have more than 40\% sequence similarity. Firstly, models were developed using different machine learning techniques on a balanced data set containing 2,188 SAM interacting and an equal number of non-interacting residues. Our random forest based model developed using binary profile feature got maximum Matthews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) 0.42 with area under receiver operating characteristics (AUROC) 0.79 on the validation data set. The performance of our models improved significantly from MCC 0.42 to 0.61, when evolutionary information in the form of the position-specific scoring matrix (PSSM) profile is used as a feature. We also developed models on a realistic data set containing 2,188 SAM interacting and 40,029 non-interacting residues and got maximum MCC 0.61 with AUROC of 0.89. In order to evaluate the performance of our models, we used internal as well as external cross-validation technique. Copyright © 2020 Agrawal, Mishra and Raghava. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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Published in Frontiers Media S.A.
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