Environmental protection and encroachments have turned out to be a cause for heritage and cultural conservation. Heritage and cultural assets should be given special importance than the public and private places. Heritage assets, cultural life and its history are the main elements of a city’s identity (Borer, 2006). City is considered to be peculiar with its historical heritage, cultural concept and society. The identity of the heritage should be treated as regional term and not at local term for conservation strategies. Due to heritage conservation at regional label, there is development of the concept of identity, cultural attractiveness and sense of location (Lieber, 2002). Heritage conservation means to prioritise large geographical eco-regions and developing targeted outcomes at global level. Development of crisis-driven and opportunistic approaches for conservation was broadly explored in particular reference to World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) (Hails, 2007).
The development of conservation strategies for protection of heritage and cultural buildings at global level brings the attention of the World Heritage Convention rules (UNESCO Report, 2010). At global level, UNESCO has declared many sites as world heritage and efforts have been made to protect them from destruction. According to the World Heritage Convention rule, each country shall provide precise information indicating the boundary of the site as well as the boundary of the ‘buffer zone’ surrounding the site of the heritage and cultural buildings. The Convention also requests that both of these areas (site-boundary and site-buffer zone) should be protected by an appropriate legislation.