The large-signal behavior of traveling wave tube amplifier for a linear beam dielectric loaded anisotropically conducting tape helix slow wave structure (SWS) is realized through a swift and reliable field analysis. Using Green’s function sequence, the field components in the SWS are designated as nonlinear functionals of electron arrival time. The electron arrival time in the beam region is formulated into a nonlinear operator in the Banach space mapping form by substituting the axial electric field component into the electron ballistic equation. The nonlinear beam–wave interaction is then obtained by determining the electron arrival time through extensive successive approximations, and thus exact electric and magnetic field components in the tape helix SWS are attained. The numerical computation of the proposed model yields definitive analytical results for the electron exit velocity, induced surface current density, power gain, conversion efficiency, and optimum interaction length. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.