Aim of the study: The current study was aimed to investigate the neuropathic pain attenuating mechanism of pregabalin using chronic constriction injury (CCI) model in rats. Material and Methods: The sciatic nerve was ligated by placing four loose ligatures around it to induce neuropathic pain. The pain development in terms of cold allodynia, mechanical hyperalgesia and heat hyperalgesia was assessed on the 7th and 14th day after surgery, using acetone drop, pinprick and hot plate tests. On the 14th day after the injury, pain parameters were assessed 30 minutes after administration of pregabalin (30 mg/kg) and sodium nitroprusside (5 mg/kg) in CCI-subjected rats. Results: CCI led to induction of neuropathic pain, which was more prominent on 14th day in comparison to 7th day. A single administration of pregabalin and sodium nitroprusside on 14th day, markedly reduced pain parameters and increased serum nitrite levels. Pretreatment with L-NAME abolished neuropathic pain attenuating effects of pregabalin suggesting that pregabalin may increase the levels of nitric oxide to mitigate neuropathic pain. Pretreatment with naloxone significantly abrogated pain attenuating effects of pregabalin and sodium nitroprusside in CCI-subjected rats suggesting that pregabalin and nitric oxide-mediated analgesic action are mediated through release of endogenous opioids. Moreover, naloxone failed to modulate pregabalin-induced increase in nitric oxide levels suggesting that the opioid system does not control the nitric oxide levels and opioids may be downstream modulators of nitric oxide. Conclusion: Pregabalin may increase the release of nitric oxide, which may increase the release of endogenous opioids to attenuate neuropathic pain in CCI subjected rats.