This book affords an outline of the future overview of the current position and short-term insights into the space technology and the issues in the fast-mounting geospatial technology. A prosperous marker in the space journey from the traditional to advance remote sensing technology varying in space has been portrayed within objectives and outcomes. The usefulness of spectral bands with dissimilar spectral signatures provides vast data acquisition for application and services. Urbanization, dynamic nature of agriculture, land use planning, ocean exploration, vegetation resource management, and other ecosystems are being effectively monitored by the satellite services from the space and have many future prospects. Space technology assumes greater significance for monitoring natural and human resources and analyzing judicious utilization of resources. The technology provides standardized solutions for assessing potential and planning process in different geographical regions. Thus, space technology with its different services like geographical information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) can effectively be utilized for timely analysis and future planning of resources on the planet Earth. The book is divided into 5 sections spreading over 16 chapters. The first section discusses the usefulness of geospatial technology in various fields. Chapters 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Part II are devoted to water resource and its various aspects. Natural hazard risk was assessed through various models and presented in Chaps. 6, 7, 8, and 9 of Part III. Part IV deals with progress and perspective scenario of urban growth models and covers Chaps. 10, 11, 12, and 13. Future challenges and prospects of geospatial technology have been examined in Chaps. 14, 15, and 16 of Part V. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019. All rights reserved.