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Internal fluid motion and particle transport in externally heated sessile droplets
, S.K. Majumder, A. Singh
Published in John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Volume: 62
Issue: 4
Pages: 1308 - 1321
Experiments and numerical simulations were carried out for an evaporating sessile droplet. The droplet was confined in the narrow gap between two glass plates, making it a "Hele-Shaw" droplet and particle image velocimetry technique was used. In case of the evaporating droplet with pinned contact line and exposed to ambient condition, two symmetric but counterrotating convection cells were observed. After complete evaporation, the particles deposited on the substrate near the contact line. The direction of the flow was reversed for a droplet placed on uniformly heated substrate, and the final deposition pattern was a large spot at the center with a thin line at the periphery. For asymmetrically heated substrate a single convection cell appeared, and the final deposition was also asymmetric. When the liquid was subjected to localized heating, the contact line no longer remains pinned and a relatively uniform deposition was obtained after complete drying. © 2015 American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
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Published in John Wiley and Sons Inc.
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