Air pollution monitoring systems with energy-intensive sensors cannot afford to sample frequently in order to maximize time between successive recharges. In this paper, we propose an energy-efficient machine learning based sensor duty-cycling method for a sensor hub receiving data from the air-pollution sensors. In particular, we demonstrate that temporal correlation of pollutant concentration can be exploited to select optimum sampling period of an energy-intensive sensor to reduce sensing energy consumption without losing much information. Support Vector Regression is used to predict the missing samples during the period sensor is turned off. © 2018 IEEE.