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Development of an avidin-biotin dot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and its comparison with other serological tests for diagnosis of glanders in equines
R. Verma D., , K. Venkateswaran S., H. Batra V.
Published in
Volume: 25
Issue: 1
Pages: 77 - 85
A dot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (dot ELISA) was developed for diagnosis of glanders in equines. The test was based on the detection of IgG antibodies to Pseudomonas mallei antigens bound to nitrocellulose coated on plastic strips (dipsticks), the reaction being amplified by an avidinbiotin system with biotinylated anti-horse IgG and horseradish peroxidase-avidin D. Sera from 810 normal, six naturally infected and 48 sensitized equines were tested by this assay and results were compared with complement fixation, indirect haemagglutination and counter-immunoelectrophoresis tests. Dot ELISA had the highest sensitivity and was superior to other tests in that it was rapid and easy to perform, the results were easy to interpret, the assay was not influenced by anti-completement activity and it was able to detect antibodies at an early stage. Testing of serum at 1:200 dilution is proposed for epidemiological screening. {\textcopyright} 1990.
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