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Coordination-driven self-assembly of 2D-metallamacrocycles using a shape-selective PtII2-organometallic 90° acceptor: Design, synthesis and sensing study
Sankarasekaran Shanmugaraju, Dipak Samanta, , Partha Mukherjee Sarathi
Published in
Volume: 40
Issue: 45
Pages: 12333 - 12341
Synthesis of a series of two-dimensional metallamacrocycles via coordination-driven self-assembly of a shape-selective PtII2-molecular building unit incorporating carbazole-ethynyl functionality is described. An equimolar (1:1) combination of a Pt II2-organometallic 90° acceptor, 1, with rigid linear ditopic donors (La and Lb) afforded [4 + 4] self-assembled octanuclear molecular squares, 2 and 3, in quantitative yields, respectively [La = 4,4′-bipyridine; Lb = trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl) ethylene]. Conversely, a similar treatment of 1 with an amide-based unsymmetrical flexible ditopic donor, Lc, resulted in the formation of a [2 + 2] self-sorted molecular rhomboid (4a) as a single product [L c = N-(4-pyridyl)isonicotinamide]. Despite the possibility of several linkage isomeric macrocycles (rhomboid, triangle and square) due to the different connectivity of Lc, the formation of a single and symmetrical molecular rhomboid (4a) as the only product is an interesting observation. All the self-assembled macrocycles (2, 3 and 4a) were fully characterized by multinuclear NMR (1H and 31P) and ESI-MS analysis. Further structural insights about the size and shape of the macrocycles were obtained through energy minimization using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Decoration of the starting carbazole building unit with Pt-ethynyl functionality enriches the assemblies to be more $\pi$-electron rich and luminescent in nature. Macrocycles 2 and 3 could sense the presence of electron deficient nitroaromatics in solution by quenching of the initial intensity upon gradual addition of picric acid (PA). They exhibited the largest quenching response with high selectivity for nitroaromatics compared to several other electron deficient aromatics tested. {\textcopyright} 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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