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Water adsorption on Ti-doped silicon clusters
Hiroaki Kawamura, , Yoshiyuki Kawazoe
Published in
Volume: 70
Issue: 19
Pages: 1 - 4
Ab initio calculations have been performed on adsorption of H2O molecules on Ti-doped silicon clusters TiSin using the ultrasoft pseudopotential method within the generalized gradient approximation. Our results show that for n=13 and larger clusters adsorption of H2O on TiSin could be difficult due to low binding energies. All these clusters have cage structures with the metal atom surrounded by the silicon atoms. On the other hand, smaller clusters with n < 13 have the metal atom partially covered by Si atoms in a basket structure so that it is available for reaction with a water molecule. This leads to significantly higher binding energies of a water molecule on such clusters. These results are in excellent agreement with the available experimental data, which show significant decrease of H2O adsorption on clusters with n > 12.
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