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Synthesis, characterization, DNA binding ability, in vitro cytotoxicity, electrochemical properties and theoretical studies of copper(II) carboxylate complexes
M. Bhattacharjee, S.R. Boruah, R.N. Dutta Purkayastha, , D. Maiti, A. Franconetti, A. Frontera, A.M. Kirillov, S. Chowdhury, S. RoyShow More
Published in Elsevier B.V.
Volume: 518
Four copper(II) carboxylate complexes, namely [Cu2(μ-3,5-dinitrobenzoate-O,O')4(4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde)2] (1), [Cu2(μ-benzoate-O,O')4(benzoic acid)2] (2), [Cu2(μ-benzoate-O,O')4(H2O)2] [Cu(benzoate-O,O')2(imz)2].2H2O (3) and [Cu(benzoate-O,O')2(2-Me-imz)2] (4) (imz = imidazole, 2-Me-imz = 2-methyl-imidazole), were synthesized and comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods, single crystal X-ray diffraction, cyclic voltammetry (CV), topological analysis as well as theoretical studies. Single crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that products 1 and 2 are dinuclear paddle-wheel complexes, compound 3 is a co-crystal containing mononuclear and dinuclear blocks, while compound 4 is a mononuclear complex. Hirshfeld surface analysis of the compounds rationalized different types of hydrogen bonds, which also lead to the generation of H-bonded networks in 3 and 4. Their topological analysis disclosed a uninodal 4-connected 2D layer with sql topology in 3 and a uninodal 2-connected 1D chain with 2C1 topology in 4. The interaction of 1–4 with calf thymus DNA was investigated by UV–visible and fluorescence spectroscopy, revealing a moderately strong non-intercalative mode of interaction. In vitro cytotoxicity study of the complexes on HepG2 (human liver hepatocellular carcinoma) cell lines revealed a significant inhibition activity. Electrochemical study of the complexes in CH3CN (1–3) and DMSO (4) solution showed a one electron transfer corresponding to Cu(III)Cu(II)/Cu(II)Cu(II) and Cu(II)Cu(II)/Cu(I)Cu(II) redox couples. The ΔE and Ipa/Ipc values suggest that the redox couples are quasireversible. The DFT study was performed to further rationalize the crystal structures and nuclearity of the obtained copper(II) complexes. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
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Published in Elsevier B.V.
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