High entropy alloys (HEAs) represent a new paradigm of structural alloys comprising of multiple principal elements in equimolar or near-equimolar concentration. The superior corrosion and oxidation resistance of HEAs at high temperature make them attractive for several structural applications. In this context, erosion behavior of HEAs has been largely unexplored. In this study, the slurry erosion performance of single phase Al0.1CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy was investigated. For comparison, mild steel and stainless steel (SS316L) were also investigated under similar conditions. The slurry erosion was conducted at different impingement angles and at a constant velocity of 20 m/s. The microstructural and mechanical characterization were conducted using scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), nanoindentation and micro-hardness testing. Similar to the mild steel and stainless steel, HEA also showed ductile mode of erosion. The erosion rate for HEA was found to be higher compared to stainless steel, however in spite of lower tensile strength and hardness, HEA exhibited higher erosion resistance compared to mild steel. The high erosion resistance of HEA compared to mild steel is explained on the basis of its work hardening behavior, low stacking fault energy, and superior corrosion resistance. Erosion response of the investigated materials showed significant correlation with ultimate strength and ultimate resilience. In depth analysis of the eroded HEA samples showed ploughing as the prominent material removal mechanism at oblique angles compared to micro-cutting for SS316L and mild steel. In contrast, highly deformed and work-hardened platelets were observed at normal impingement angle for all materials. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.