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Search for ferromagnetism in conductive Nb:SrTiO 3 with magnetic transition element (Cr, Co, Fe, Mn) dopants
S.X. Zhang, S.B. Ogale, D.C. Kundaliya, L.F. Fu, N.D. Browning, , W. Ramadan, J.S. Higgins, R.L. Greene, T. Venkatesan
Published in
Volume: 89
Issue: 1
Thin films of (0.5%, 1%) Nb:SrTiO 3 dilutely doped with (2 at. %) magnetic transition elements (Cr, Co, Fe, Mn) are examined for ferromagnetism. X-ray diffraction, Rutherford backscattering ion channeling, scanning transmission electron microscopy Z-contrast imaging, and electron energy loss spectroscopy techniques establish high crystalline quality of the films with no impurity phase(s) and highly uniform dopant distribution. Although the film conductivity improves dramatically by Nb doping, no ferromagnetism is found in any of our samples over the temperature range of 365 down to 5 K. This is contrasted to the case of ferromagnetism reported in cobalt doped (La, Sr)TiO 3. © 2006 American Institute of Physics.
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