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Pursuing the active species in an aluminium-based Lewis acid system for catalytic Diels-Alder cycloadditions
Z. Liu, , D. Vidović
Published in Royal Society of Chemistry
PMID: 27991617
Volume: 46
Issue: 3
Pages: 753 - 759
Several Al-based complexes supported by a bis(imino)aryl NCN pincer ligand have been prepared. Systematic structural and experimental evidence identified a cationic species, supported by a THF molecule, as the best Lewis acid precatalyst for a range of Diels-Alder cycloadditions. This highlighted the importance of fully isolating and characterizing the active species in any catalytic process especially when Lewis acids are used due to the presence of hidden Brønsted acids (HBAs). Finally, the control experiments conducted in order to eliminate HBA activity that involve a bulky pyridine base should be performed with caution as the corresponding protonated pyridinium salt could also serve as a proton source. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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Published in Royal Society of Chemistry
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