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Phosphatidic acid homeostasis regulated by a type-2 phosphatidic acid phosphatase represents a novel druggable target in malaria intervention
Kumar Sah R., Garg S., Dangi P., Ponnusamy K., Singh S.
Published in Springer Nature
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Type-2 phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP2) a member of PAP2 superfamily mediates the conversion of phosphatidic acid (PA) to diacylglycerol (DAG) and thus plays a pivotal role in numerous cellular signaling processes in diverse organisms. An elevated level of intracellular PA is detrimental for the cell and induces cell death. In this study we identified and characterized a PAP2 homologue in Plasmodium falciparum, PfPAP2 and further elucidated its significance in regulation of PA homeostasis in parasite life cycle. PfPAP2 is expressed in the blood stage and harbors the canonical acid phosphatase domain (APD) with signature motifs. PfPAP2 catalyzes the dephosphorylation of PA to produce DAG and inorganic phosphate (Pi). Propranolol, a generic inhibitor of PAP2, inhibited the phosphatase activity of PfPAP2 by binding to the active site of APD domain as evident by in silico docking and confirmed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis. Inhibition of native PfPAP2 by propranolol led to rise in intracellular PA mediating disruption of intracellular PA homeostasis in parasites. The propranolol mediated inhibition of PfPAP2 directed early secretion of a micronemal Perforin like Protein, PfPLP1 leading to untimely permeabilization and host cell egress. The merozoites following premature egress were non-invasive and were attenuated to invade erythrocytes and cannot continue next cycle growth. This study demonstrates that disruption of PA homeostasis can cause growth retardation in malaria parasites, and thus its master regulator, PfPAP2, can serve as a very good molecular target for antimalarial chemotherapeutic interventions. © 2019, The Author(s).
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Published in Springer Nature
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