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Nanostructured nitrogen doped diamond for the detection of toxic metal ions
Deshmukh S., Sankaran K.J., Korneychuk S., Verbeeck J., Mclaughlin J., Haenen K.,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 283
Pages: 1871 - 1878
This work demonstrates the applicability of one-dimensional nitrogen-doped diamond nanorods (N-DNRs) for the simultaneous electrochemical (EC) detection of Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions in an electrolyte solution. Well separated voltammetric peaks are observed for Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions using N-DNRs as a working electrode in square wave anodic stripping voltammetry measurements. Moreover, the cyclic voltammetry response of N-DNR electrodes towards the Fe(CN)6 /4-/Fe(CN)6 /3- redox reaction is better as compared to undoped DNR electrodes. This enhancement of EC performance in N-DNR electrodes is accounted by the increased amount of sp2 bonded nanographitic phases, enhancing the electrical conductivity at the grain boundary (GB) regions. These findings are supported by transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy studies. Consequently, the GB defect induced N-DNRs exhibit better adsorption of metal ions, which makes such samples promising candidates for next generation EC sensing devices. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
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Published in Elsevier Ltd
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