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Multidimensional durability of superhydrophobic self-cleaning surface derived from rice-husk ash
Shishodia A., Arora H.S., Babu A., Mandal P.,
Published in Elsevier B.V.
Volume: 136
Surface with inherent self-cleaning characteristics is often deemed and desired. However, lack of durability and high cost limits the applicability of such surfaces in a real-life scenario. In present work, we report the development of durable and cost-effective nanocomposite coatings using silica particles (˜ 250 nm) derived from agricultural waste, rice-husk and different fractions of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Developed coatings showed the presence of hierarchical structures with nanoscale protrusions. The surface morphology of the coatings was significantly influenced by the PDMS content with roughness factor following an inverse correlation. Static and dynamic contact angles increased with decreasing PDMS content with maximum values observed to be in excess of 160°. Simultaneously, the contact angle hysteresis (< 5° to 20°) and tilting angle (5° to 60°) were also significantly influenced by the PDMS fraction. The observed results are related with ability to retain stable Cassie state and pinning of the liquid-air interface by nano protrusions. Droplet impingement tests and critical wetting angle calculations showed transition from Cassie to metastable wetting state for coatings with higher PDMS. Durability studies performed under different modes indicated a trade-off with self-cleaning ability, highlighting an optimum composition possessing required characteristics. The selected coating subjected to weathering test showed due resilience under outdoor conditions. The present work showed that the agricultural waste can be effectively used for developing low-cost high-end product possessing exceptional functionalities. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.
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Published in Elsevier B.V.
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