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Medium decoupling of dynamics at temperatures ∼100 K above glass-transition temperature: A case study with (acetamide + lithium bromidenitrate) melts
, S. Daschakraborty, R. Biswas
Published in
Volume: 136
Issue: 17
Time-resolved fluorescence Stokes shift and anisotropy measurements using a solvation probe in 0.78CH 3CONH 2 0.22{f LiBr (1-f) LiNO 3} melts reveal a strong decoupling of medium dynamics from viscosity. Interestingly, this decoupling has been found to occur at temperatures ∼50-100 K above the glass transition temperatures of the above melt at various anion concentrations (f LiBr). The decoupling is reflected via the following fractional viscosity dependence (η) of the measured average solvation and rotation times (τ s and τ r, respectively): τ x (ηT) p (x being solvation or rotation), with p covering the range, 0.20 p 0.70. Although this is very similar to what is known for deeply supercooled liquids, it is very surprising because of the temperature range at which the above decoupling occurs for these molten mixtures. The kinship to the supercooled liquids is further exhibited via p which is always larger for τ r than for τ s, indicating a sort of translation-rotation decoupling. Multiple probes have been used in steady state fluorescence measurements to explore the extent of static heterogeneity. Estimated experimental dynamic Stokes shift for coumarin 153 in these mixtures lies in the range, 1000 Δν tcm -1 1700, and is in semi-quantitative agreement with predictions from our semi-molecular theory. The participation of the fluctuating density modes at various length-scales to the observed solvation times has also been investigated. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
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