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Lewis Acid-Catalyzed Selective [2 + 2]-Cycloaddition and Dearomatizing Cascade Reaction of Aryl Alkynes with Acrylates
L. Shen, K. Zhao, K. Doitomi, , Y.-X. Li, Z.-L. Shen, H. Hirao, T.-P. Loh
Published in American Chemical Society
PMID: 28880536
Volume: 139
Issue: 38
Pages: 13570 - 13578
Combined Lewis acid, consisting of two or more Lewis acids, sometimes shows unique catalytic ability, and it may promote reactions which could not be catalyzed by any of the Lewis acids solely. On the other hand, the development of efficient methods for the facile synthesis of cyclobutenes and densely functionalized decalins is an attractive target for synthetic chemists due to their versatile synthetic utilities and widespread occurrence in natural products. Herein, we wish to report an efficient method for the assembly of cyclobutenes and densely functionalized decalin skeletons through In(tfacac)3-TMSBr catalyzed selective [2 + 2]-cycloaddition and dearomatizing cascade reaction of aryl alkynes with acrylates with high chemo- and stereoselectivity. The obtained cyclobutene could be easily converted into cyclobutane as well as synthetically useful 1,4- and 1,5-diketones with high chemo- and stereoselectivity. On the basis of mechanistic studies, plausible reaction mechanisms were proposed for both the [2 + 2]-cycloaddition and the dearomatizing cascade reaction. Finally, the computational studies of reaction mechanisms were conducted, and the results suggest that the combined Lewis acid could efficiently promote both reactions. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
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Published in American Chemical Society
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