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Isomannide-Derived Chiral Rigid Fully Biobased Polybenzoxazines
Amarnath N., Shukla S.,
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 7
Issue: 22
Pages: 18700 - 18710
Biobased phenols and amines are attractive feedstock in rapid emerging polybenzoxazine thermosets. Renewable benzoxazines are mainly monofunctional due to structure limitation of raw materials, especially amines. Here, we report fully naturally sourced bifunctional benzoxazines by a simple one-step solventless microwave synthesis using cardanol/guaiacol- and carbohydrate-based isomannide diamine (ima). Chirality of ima led to complicated 1H NMR spectra of monomers. Heteronuclear single-quantum coherence (HSQC) and two-dimensional correlated spectroscopy (COSY) NMR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction confirmed the structure and formation of monomers. Polymerization and thermal stability of monomers and polymers were found to be either better than or comparable to widely studied fully and partly petro-based polybenzoxazines. Incorporation of rigid core ima in fully biobased polybenzoxazines showed a glass-transition temperature comparable to their petro-based aromatic diamine counterparts. Exploration of adhesive behavior revealed that the designed polybenzoxazine framework showed 2-fold higher lap shear strength than bisphenol-A (BPA) aniline polybenzoxazine. The current work highlights the utility of higher functionality renewable amines as promising candidates to design future high-performance fully biobased BPA-free polybenzoxazines. Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.
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Published in American Chemical Society
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