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Isolation of a Diborane(6) Dication: Formation and Cleavage of an Electron-Precise B(sp3)-B(sp3) Bond
L. Kong, W. Lu, Y. Li, , R. Kinjo
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 138
Issue: 27
Pages: 8623 - 8629
One-electron oxidation of organoboron L2PhB: 1 (L = oxazol-2-ylidene) afforded a dicationic diborane(6) species [L2PhB-BPhL2]·2X (X = OTf, BF4, AlCl4) 3, representing a new strategy to construct a B(sp3)-B(sp3) covalent bond. Each boron atom in 3 is in the formal oxidation state +II, and tetracoordinate with a Ph group and two oxazol-2-ylidenes. The cyclic voltammetry of 3 shows irreversible reduction and oxidation. Indeed, two-electron reduction of 3 with potassium graphite (KC8) afforded 1, making a fully reversible 1 ↔ 3 redox system, whereas two-electron oxidation with AuCl produced a boronium [L2PhBCl]OTf 4. Moreover, the reactions of 3 with isonitrile derivatives RNC: under heating conditions gave a cyano-substituted boronium [L2PhBCN]BF4 5 and a 2-boranyl-indole derivative 6, depending on the substituent R. The proposed reaction mechanism involves a borinylium radical 1•+ which is generated via a homolytic cleavage of the B-B bond of 3. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
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Published in American Chemical Society
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