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Iodine-Catalyzed Metal-Free Oxidative Ring Opening of 1-Aryltetrahydro-β-carbolines: Facile Synthesis of C-2 Aroyl and Aryl Methanimino Indole Derivatives
Chauhan J., Luthra T.,
Published in Wiley-VCH Verlag
Volume: 2018
Issue: 34
Pages: 4776 - 4786
Indole derivatives bearing C-2 substituents have garnered a lot of attention due to their diverse biological activities. Various methods forthe synthesis of these compounds have been reported. Inspired by the hydrolysis of imines, an oxidative ring-opening reaction of 1-aryltetrahydro-β-carbolines with catalytic iodine in aqueous hydrogen peroxide, and also in the presence of appropriate amines, is described for the generation of 2-aroyl and arylmethanimine indole derivatives. The reaction proceeds under mild reaction conditions with ethanol as the solvent or under solvent-free conditions, respectively. This metal-free strategy facilitates the formation of the desired substituted C-2 indoles in moderate to excellent yields. The utility of this reaction is demonstrated by a facile multigram-scale synthesis of Luzindole, a selective melatonin receptor antagonist and an investigational drug against depression and disruption of the circadian rhythm. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
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Published in Wiley-VCH Verlag
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