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Influence of fractal and multifractal morphology on the wettability and reflectivity of crystalline-Si thin film surfaces as photon absorber layers for solar cell
Maity G., Yadav R.P., Singhal R., Kulriya P.K., Mishra A., Som T., , Kanjilal D., Patel S.P.
Published in American Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume: 129
Issue: 4
Crystalline Si films incorporated with Al are important for applications in microelectronics and solar cells. In this paper, we report on the morphology of crystalline Si surfaces in Al/amorphous-Si bilayer thin films under ion beam irradiation at 100 °C. Micro-Raman and transmission electron microscopy studies show that best crystallization is achieved at a fluence of 1 × 1012 ions cm-2. The contact angle of Si surfaces (after chemically etched unreacted Al), referred to as absorber surfaces, decreases with increasing ion fluence. These surfaces are hydrophobic in nature and the hydrophobicity decreases with increasing ion fluence. Fractal and multifractal analysis of atomic force microscopy images, along with system energy/unit cell and Laplace pressure calculations, supports our observations. Moreover, the calculated multiple scattering cross sections of light, along with reflectivity measurements, indicate that absorber surfaces of best crystalline films have the lowest reflectivity. The present results suggest that such surfaces having low optical reflectance and a hydrophobic nature can be used as photon absorber layers for advanced solar cell devices. © 2021 Author(s).
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Published in American Institute of Physics Inc.
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