Isobutyraldehyde underwent auto-oxidation in the presence of molecular oxygen to generate an acyloxy radical under a "metal-free" environment. They were subsequently exploited in situ to afford hypervalent iodines with p-anisolyl iodide which generated substituted 1,3,4-oxadiazoles in moderate to excellent yields from N′-arylidene acetohydrazides. The reaction strategy tolerated diverse substitution on the hydrazide substrates. Control experiments and literature precedence supported the formation of an in situ iodosylarene complex that facilitates the formation of products. © 2019 American Chemical Society.