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Cytosolic aggregates in presence of non-translocated proteins perturb endoplasmic reticulum structure and dynamics
Mookherjee D., Majumder P., Mukherjee R., Chatterjee D., Kaul Z., Das S., Sougrat R., Chakrabarti S., Chakrabarti O.
Published in Blackwell Munksgaard
PMID: 31472037
Volume: 20
Issue: 12
Pages: 943 - 960
Presence of cytosolic protein aggregates and membrane damage are two common attributes of neurodegenerative diseases. These aggregates delay degradation of non-translocated protein precursors leading to their persistence and accumulation in the cytosol. Here, we find that cells with intracellular protein aggregates (of cytosolic prion protein or huntingtin) destabilize the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) morphology and dynamics when non-translocated protein load is high. This affects trafficking of proteins out from the ER, relative distribution of the rough and smooth ER and three-way junctions that are essential for the structural integrity of the membrane network. The changes in ER membranes may be due to high aggregation tendency of the ER structural proteins—reticulons, and altered distribution of those associated with the three-way ER junctions—Lunapark. Reticulon4 is seen to be enriched in the aggregate fractions in presence of non-translocated protein precursors. This could be mitigated by improving signal sequence efficiencies of the proteins targeted to the ER. These were observed using PrP variants and the seven-pass transmembrane protein (CRFR1) with different signal sequences that led to diverse translocation efficiencies. This identifies a previously unappreciated consequence of cytosolic aggregates on non-translocated precursor proteins—their persistent presence affects ER morphology and dynamics. This may be one of the ways in which cytosolic aggregates can affect endomembranes during neurodegenerative disease. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
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Published in Blackwell Munksgaard
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