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Computational evaluation and comparison of some nitramine properties
P. Politzer, , K. Jayasuriya, S. Ranganathan
Published in
Volume: 110
Issue: 11
Pages: 3425 - 3430
A computational study of six nitramines, RiR2NNO2, has been carried out with the objective of gaining a better understanding of how the properties of the NNO2 group are affected by the natures of R1 and R2. An ab initio SCF procedure was used, with the initial step being the determination of each molecule's optimized geometry. This was subsequently used to compute its bond orders, dipole moment, and electrostatic potential. In most instances, the NNO2 portions of the molecules are planar, due to the strong electron-withdrawing effect of the nitro group; the amino-type nitrogen can better respond to this when in a planar configuration. One consequence is that the N-NO2 bonds possess some degrees of double bond character; their bond orders range from 1.36 to 1.63, with the weaker bonds corresponding to the more electron-withdrawing and R1 R2 groups. The strong negative electrostatic potentials normally associated with the lone pairs of amino-type nitrogens are greatly weakened or eliminated in most of these molecules; several of them show evidence of significant hyperconjugation, resulting in enhanced acidic character. © 1988, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.
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