Well foundation is commonly used in India for road and railway bridges over rivers. It is a massive structure and hence it is generally considered to be safe under laterally loaded condition. Indian Roads Congress Codes (IRC:45-1972 and IRC:78-1983) suggests limit equilibrium approach to determine lateral load capacity of well foundation. It considers well foundation as a rigid body and surrounding soils as elastic in design state and plastic in limit state. Design procedure stated in Indian standard codes determines ultimate lateral load capacity of Well-Soil system. However, it does not yield the magnitude of lateral displacement of a well foundation at the ultimate load. Because of this, it is difficult to decide whether the lateral displacement at estimated ultimate lateral load capacity of a well foundation is allowable or not. Over the years, few methods to analyze the lateral response (both force and displacement responses) of well foundation are developed. These methods consider surrounding soil as linear elastic material which is modeled by linear elastic springs, and well foundation as a rigid body. Recently developed methods consider lateral stiffness as well as rotational stiffness of the surrounding soil and represent soil by parallel combination of lateral linear springs and rotational springs. Some of these methods also consider flexibility of well foundation and model well foundation by Euler-Bernoulli beam element. In this article, we present a comparative study of the available methods of analysis of laterally loaded well foundation. This study indicates significant differences in the response of Well-Soil system obtained from different methods. Validation of existing methods is done with two-dimensional continuum model to identify accuracy in existing models. It highlights the need for proper evaluation of available methods of analysis with realistic incorporation of foundation stiffness and interface effect in modeling the Well-Soil system for pseudo static loading conditions. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd 2020.