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Blue LED induced solvent-free multicomponent reactions among aryl diazoacetates, pyridine derivatives and maleimides: direct eco-friendly synthesis of densely functionalized itaconimides
Maiti D., Das R., Prabakar T.,
Published in Royal Society of Chemistry
Volume: 24
Issue: 7
Pages: 3001 - 3008
Herein we report a hitherto novel multicomponent reaction involving pyridine and its derivatives, aryl diazoesters and N-alkylmaleimides (2 equivalents), using a blue LED under neat (solvent-free) conditions and in the absence of any metal catalysts or bases at r. t. to generate densely substituted itaconimides. This environmentally sustainable strategy generated the desired products in excellent yields. The reaction involved the carbene formation of aryl diazoesters from a blue LED and a subsequent generation of pyridine ylides. The pyridine ylides underwent [3 + 2] cycloaddition with N-alkyl maleimides followed by oxidation, subsequent ring opening of the [3 + 2] adducts and finally reaction with another molecule of N-alkyl maleimides to afford the desired itaconimide derivatives. The reaction has wide functional group tolerance at the aryl moiety of the diazoesters and also on pyridine. Control experiments and DFT studies were used to elucidate the reaction mechanism. © 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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Published in Royal Society of Chemistry
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