Bridging the domains of cheminformatics and bioinformatics in the post-genomic era requires the convergence of goals, tools, techniques and annotations. This article reviews recent research at the interface of the domains that shows evidence of this convergence. While graph theoretical representations have long been used to develop simple topological descriptions of molecules, graph theory-based network concepts are also widely employed in systems biology. Shape and conformation are important for understanding intermolecular interactions, and several structure-based cheminformatic descriptors have been developed and applied to drug-like molecules and biomolecules. Data fusion methods and shared ontologies can also help integrate data from multiple sources in order to generate a holistic picture of the shared molecular informatics domain. © The Thomson Corporation.