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Acetylenic Indole-Encapsulated Schiff Bases: Synthesis, In Silico Studies as Potent Antimicrobial Agents, Cytotoxic Evaluation and Synergistic Effects
Singh G., Kalra P., Arora A., Singh A., Sharma G., Sanchita, Maurya I.K., Dutta S., , Verma V.
Published in Wiley-Blackwell
Volume: 3
Issue: 8
Pages: 2366 - 2375
A family of pharmacophore acetylenic indole-3-carboxaldehyde (3) and acetylenic indole schiff bases (5 a-5 i) bearing indole framework were synthesized to afford structurally diverse moieties. Acetylenic indole-3-carboxaldehyde was coupled with various amines to furnish the novel scaffolds 5 a-5 i. These acetylenic indole Schiff bases (AISB) were synthesized in shorter times under microwave irradiation in comparison to classical reaction conditions. AISB were experimentally characterized by using IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, X ray crystallographic and mass spectrometric methods. The synthesized compounds showed promising anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties when tested in vitro against six bacterial and seven fungal strains. Among these, hybrids 5 a, 5 c, 5 e and 5 g were found to be even more potent than the standard drugs and were more influential against the bacterial than the fungal strains. These more potent compounds were then evaluated for their cytotoxicity by MTT assay on Hek293 and HeLa cells. The synergistic effect of bis-acetylenic compound 5 g with kanamycin and amphotericin B has also been scrutinized. Further, the structural and electronic properties of the molecules were investigated theoretically by performing density functional theory (DFT). © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
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