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A Novel CNN-LSTM Hybrid Model for Prediction of Electro-Mechanical Impedance Signal Based Bond Strength Monitoring
Parida L., Ferreira V.M., Giri S.K., Ascensão G.,
Published in MDPI
PMID: 36560293
Volume: 22
Issue: 24
The recent application of deep learning for structural health monitoring systems for damage detection has potential for improvised structure performance and maintenance for long term durability, and reliable strength. Advancements in electro-mechanical impedance (EMI) techniques have sparked attention among researchers to develop novel monitoring techniques for structural monitoring and evaluation. This study aims to determine the performance of EMI techniques using a piezo sensor to monitor the development of bond strength in reinforced concrete through a pull-out test. The concrete cylindrical samples with embedded steel bars were prepared, cured for 28 days, and a pull-out test was performed to measure the interfacial bond between them. The piezo coupled signatures were obtained for the PZT patch bonded to the steel bar. The damage qualification is performed through the statistical indices, i.e., root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) and correlation coefficient deviation metric (CCDM), were obtained for different displacements recorded for axial pull. Furthermore, this study utilizes a novel Convolutional Neural Network-Long Short-Term Memory (CNN-LSTM)-based hybrid model, an effective regression model to predict the EMI signatures. These results emphasize the efficiency and potential application of the deep learning-based hybrid model in predicting EMI-based structural signatures. The findings of this study have several implications for structural health diagnosis using a deep learning-based model for monitoring and conservation of building heritage. © 2022 by the authors.
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Published in MDPI
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